There is still much to discover about the coronavirus that is spreading all over the world from China. The experts then issued a series of tips, most of which are generic in the case of diseases of this type, which should, if followed, try to slow down the spread of the disease.
For those who must necessarily leave, it is recommended to adopt general prevention measures including:
Careful hand washing for at least 20 seconds
Consume only well-cooked food and drink bottled water
stay away from gathering places such as live and dead animal markets
Avoid close contact with the sick or, if these measures cannot be taken, cover the nostrils and mouth with a mask
Avoid coughing or sneezing without covering yourself with a tissue or in the absence of this it is advisable to cough in the hollow of the elbow.
For health personnel who are preparing to visit a suspect patient, for precautionary reasons, it is recommended that, in addition to adopting standard biosecurity measures, apply the precautions to prevent transmission by air and by contact. In particular, he should wear a mask and face protection and gloves.
For contacts / family members of patients suffering from suspected infection or as long as the patient is transported to hospital, the recommendations of the WHO are recommended:
- place the patient in a well-ventilated single room
- limit the number of carers of the patient, ideally one healthy person
- no visitors
- family members should stay in a different room or, if this is not possible, keep a distance of at least one meter from the sick person (e.g. sleep in a separate bed); minimize space sharing and ensure that shared spaces are well ventilated
The patient’s assistant should always wear a tight-fitting medical mask when in the same room with the patient. Discard the mask after use and wash your hands after removing the mask; wash hands after each contact with the patient using soap and water when the hands are visibly dirty.
Use Disposable paper towels for corona virus;
if of cloth, replace them when they get wet; eliminate the materials used to cover the mouth or nose;
avoid direct contact with body fluids, especially by the oral route or respiratory secretions and feces.
Avoid sharing toothbrushes, cigarettes, kitchen utensils.
The dishes must be cleaned with soap or detergent and water after use and can be reused;
clean and disinfect the most frequently touched surfaces such as bedside tables, bed frames and other furniture for the bedroom and bathroom every day with a normal domestic disinfectant containing diluted bleach solution (bleach in one part for 99 parts of water);
clean clothes, sheets, towels and bath towels used by sick people in the washing machine at 60-90 ° C;
All family members should be considered contacts and their health should be monitored.
if a family member develops symptoms of acute respiratory infection, including fever, cough, sore throat and difficult breathing, frame them as possibly infected.